4 min read

Decentraland is an Ethereum-based software that aims to encourage a global network of users to run a shared virtual world.


Users of Decentraland can explore, interact, and play games in this virtual world while buying and selling digital real estate. Users can now use interactive apps, in-world payments, and peer-to-peer communication thanks to the platform's evolution.


In Decentraland, two types of tokens govern operations.

These are:


  • LAND – A non-fungible token (NFT) used to define the ownership of land parcels representing digital real estate. 
  • MANA – A cryptocurrency that facilitates purchases of LAND, as well as virtual goods and services used in Decentraland.

Changes to the Decentraland software are enacted through a collection of blockchain-based smart contacts, which allow participants who own MANA to vote on policy updates, land auctions and subsidies for recent developments. 



How does Decentraland work?


The Decentraland application tracks LAND token-defined real estate parcels.


The software uses the Ethereum blockchain to track ownership of this digital land, and users must keep their MANA token in an Ethereum wallet in order to interact with its ecosystem.


Further, developers are free to innovate within Decentraland’s platform by designing the animation and interactions experienced on their virtual real estate.


Architecture

Many layered components of Decentraland are built using Ethereum smart contracts.


The consensus layer keeps track of land parcel ownership in a ledger. Each LAND parcel has a virtual world coordinate, an owner, and a link to a description file that describes the content within the parcel.


The content layer controls what happens within each parcel and includes various files required to render them:

  • Content Files – referencing all static audio and visuals
  • Script Files – defining the placement and behavior of the referenced content
  • Interaction Definition – peer-to-peer interactions such as gesturing, voice chat, and messaging.


Finally, through user avatars and voice chat and messaging, the real-time layer facilitates social interactions within Decentraland.


Marketplace and Builder

The Decentraland team has also released a marketplace and a drag-and-drop editor for users to used to create scenes outside of the gaming environment.


Participants can use the marketplace to manage and exchange LAND tokens, which are priced in MANA. Owners can use the marketplace to buy, sell, and trade parcels and other in-game items like wearables and unique names.


It's worth noting that all transactions are settled between Ethereum wallets, and thus are verified by Ethereum's network and recorded on its blockchain.


Owners can use Decentraland's builder tools to create a one-of-a-kind experience within their LAND parcels. Developers can access customization libraries and payment implementations through its editing tool, which allow them to create interactive scenes.



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article by Amit Caesar:



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